Home
Yoga
Dario Calvaruso
 
Photo courtesy of Dario Calvaruso 
 
Dario Calvaruso - Director at Holistic Wellness (Ltd.), Founder and Conceiver of the Navakaraṇa Vinyāsa method, Consultant and Senior Yoga Teacher at PURE Yoga Hong Kong. Calvaruso travelled through India, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet and Bangladesh for years to learn yoga in the most authentic tradition. What started as a journey of self-discovery became a lifestyle that others are inspired to follow. He helps the practitioners to step beyond simply gymnastic or philosophical aspects of yoga and discover themselves in every moment. Shanghai yoga lovers have a great opportunity to empower their practice during Darios’ workshops on January 30th-31st: Today Dario shares with TheMaker the insights about many levels of his yoga methodology and how he manages to maintain a yogi’s lifestyle in hectic Hong Kong.
 
Q:Why did you give up your past life to do YOGA?
A:When I started Yoga I didn’t give up my past life but I simply started my life. I was in Italy, my birthplace, working as a photographer. I was searching for freedom and happiness, like everyone probably. Very soon I came to realize that by focusing exclusively on relationship, career and wealth I never would have reached what I really wanted. I quitted once and for all, I said goodbye to everyone and I started my life. At that time my parents could not understand my choice. Obviously they found it very difficult to accept me leaving home for a journey to the Far-East in search of myself. It took me about 15 years of self-denial to conclude my journey of self-enquiry and self-realization.
 
Q:How would you describe your YOGA style?
A:My method is Navakaraṇa Vinyāsa; a Sanskrit term which can be translated to “Composition (vinyāsa) of Nine (nava) Unit of Movement (karana)”. It is an unprecedentedly systematised methodology for a personalised vinyāsa yoga practice and tailor-made teaching, mostly consists of intense calisthenic exercise and deep postures. By focusing on the physical body, engagement of prānic centres and mental conditioning, it  serves as a preparation for the spiritual practice. The same methodology can be applied to create very gentle practice or therapeutics as well. Mastering of Navakarana methodology allows the practitioners and teachers to choreograph and practice any kind of sequence for all levels. Technically speaking, a “karana” or unit of movement is the co-regulation of breath (ana), vital energies (prāṇā), engagement of prāṇic centres (prāṇa-ādhāra-prayoga), body’s movements (aṇga-calanam) posture (āsana), focused gaze (dṛṣṭi) and mental presence (aśithila sthiti) into an harmonious flow (samūdāya-vahanam) within a rhythmic unit of time (laya) and symmetrical divisions of movements (mātrā or counts). Concisely, karaṇas are infinite in number but they can fall into one of the nine categories. Hence the name “Navakarana” or “nine unit of movement”. These nine categories are: neutral (sama), posterior stretch (pṛṣṭha-dairghya), anterior stretch (agra-dairghya), side-stretch (pārśva-dairghya), twisted-stretch (parivṛtta-dairghya), inversion (viparīta), balancing on the limbs (aṅga-ādhāra), strengthening (tejaskara) and recovering (punarnavīkāra). Every sequence includes all the nine karaṇas in order to create a holistic practice which works the whole body in harmony.
 
Furthermore, the term Nava-karana also reveals my philosophy and lifestyle. In Sanskrit “nava” also means  “new” or “fresh”, while “karana” literally means “doing”. In more than twenty years of studying in Philosophy I never accept or follow anything blindly, including Yoga philosophy. That is to say, “Navakarana” is the continuing process of doing, evolving and discovering oneself in every moment as something is always new.
 
Q:What are your plans for the future?
A:In the past I have dedicated all my time to myself and I have worked hard to achieve some personal goals. Now is the time for sharing and serving others.
 
Q:How would you describe your lifestyle and how do you combine it with your work perfectly?
A:I am minimalist and one-pointed. I still live with the essentials, the same way I was when wandering in the Himalayas. I have no furniture in my apartment at all. I cook and eat simple vegetarian food; for over two decades. I get up three hours before the sunrise to do my daily yoga practice and take the whole day ahead. Hong Kong has not taken anything away from my lifestyle; instead it has brought more happiness into my life. I have the opportunity to create amazing things with people. By working with others I can always do something greater than what I could merely do alone. Life is about sharing with people and continuously evolving into better human beings. As bizarre as it may sound, but for me there is absolutely no distinction between passion, profession and personal life. My profession is my passion. My students and co-workers are my family. My leisure is my work. I love my work and I am fully committed to it. The key to success is to commit oneself with dedication in whatever one pursues; and fulfillment will be the outcome. Happiness is indeed something more subtle. It doesn’t come from external sources. It comes only by re-engineering oneself and living one’s own life authentically.
 
 Photo courtesy of Dario Calvaruso 
 
Dario Calvaruso - Holistic Wellness(公司)总监,兼创办人及NavakaraṇaVinyāsa 方法的构想者,PURE瑜伽香港顾问及资深瑜伽教师。Calvaruso曾前往印度,尼泊尔,巴基斯坦,西藏和孟加拉多年学习最正宗传统的瑜伽。起初作为自我发现的旅程最终变成了让其他人启发遵循的生活方式。他帮助练习者们对瑜伽的简单体操或哲学方面有进一步的超越,并在每一刻发现更多的自己。上海瑜伽爱好者现在有一个很好的机会,可以在1月30日至31日参加Darios的工作坊强化瑜伽练习。今天Dario在《臆想》对于他不同层次的瑜伽方法,以及他是如何在紧张忙碌的香港管理和保持瑜伽修行者的生活方式,分享了一些他的见解。
 
Q:你为什么会放弃自己过去的生活选择做瑜伽?
A:当我开始瑜伽我没有放弃我过去的生活,我只是开始了我的生活。当我在意大利,我的出生地,我是一名摄影师。就像每个人一样,我在寻找自由和幸福。我很快开始意识到,如果我专注于社交关系、事业和财富,我永远不会得到我真正想要的。我辞去了所有工作,告别了大家,然后开始了我的生活。当时我的父母无法理解我的选择。显然,他们发觉他们很难接受我为寻找自己到远东旅行。我花了大约15年时间去做自我否定来结束我的自我探究和自我实现的旅程。
 
Q:你会怎样评价你的瑜伽风格?
A:我的方法是Navakaraṇa Vinyāsa;用梵语可以翻译为“运动(karana)的九(nava)种单位的组成(vinyāsa)”。这是一种史无前例的为个性化vinyãsa瑜伽练习和量身定制教学的系统化方法,主要由强烈的柔软体操练习和深入的姿势组成。通过专注于身体、普拉纳中心的衔接和心理调节的参与,作为修行的准备。同样的方法也可以应用到创建非常平缓的练习或治疗。完全掌握Navakaraṇa方法使修行者们和教师能够用任何层次序列进行编排和练习。从技术上来说,一个“karana”或运动单位是呼吸(ana)的共同调节、生命能量(prāṇā)、普拉纳中心的衔接(prāṇa-ādhāra-prayoga)、身体的运动(aṇga-calanam)姿势接合(āsana),专注的目光(dṛṣṭi)和精神的存在(aśithilasthiti)在规定时间内(laya)和运动匀称有节奏(mātrā or counts)的合成一种和谐的流动(samūdāya-vahanam)。简而言之,karaṇas的数量是无限的,但也可以把它们归类到九大类之一。因此命名为“Navakarana”或“运动的九种单位”。这九个类别分别是:中立(sama)、后伸展(pṛṣṭha-dairghya)、前伸展(agra-dairghya)、侧伸展(pārśva-dairghya)、扭曲拉伸(parivṛtta-dairghya)、反转(viparīta)、平衡四肢(aṅga-ādhāra)、强化(tejaskara)和恢复(punarnavīkāra)。每个序列都包括这九种karaṇas以创造一个整体练习使整个身体得到和谐。
 
此外,术语Nava-karana还启发了我的哲学和生活方式。在梵语中“nava”也意味着“新的”或“新鲜”,而“karana”的字面意思是“做”。在哲学研究的二十余年里我从来不盲目的接受或遵循任何东西,包括瑜伽哲学。也就是说,“Navakarana”是在每一时刻实施、不断发展和发现新的自己的持续过程。
 
Q:你对未来有什么计划?
A:在过去,我所有的时间都专注于自己,我一直在努力达成一些个人目标。现在是时候分享和服务他人。
 
Q:你会怎样评价你的生活方式,你如何将它和你的工作完美结合起来的?
A:我是一个简约主义和专一的人。我仍然为必需品而生活,当我还在喜马拉雅山徘徊的时候也是这样。我的公寓里没有任何家具。我煮吃简单的素食超过二十年。我在日出前三个小时起床做我的日常瑜伽练习,走在一整天的前面。香港并没有从我的生活方式拿走任何东西;相反,它给我的生活带来了更多的快乐。我有机会和人们一起创造令人惊讶的事情。和其他人一起工作,我总是可以做得比我一个人的时候更好一些。生活是关于与人分享和不断发展成为更好的人。听起来似乎匪夷所思,但对我来说在激情、职业和个人生活之间绝对没有差别。我的职业是我的激情。我的学生和同事都是我的家人。我的休闲就是我的工作。我热爱我的工作,我为它全力以赴。成功的关键是不管追求什么都要承诺自己去奉献;并付诸于行动。幸福确实是让人更加精细的东西。它不是来自外界。它只能通过重新塑造自己和真实地生活去得到。
 
©YiZhou
 
 Photo courtesy of Dario Calvaruso 
 
 
PURE YOGA
 
The Maker has selected some of our favorite teachers from Pure Shanghai for our readers.

The Maker 在 PURE Shanghai 挑选了一些我们最喜欢的瑜伽老师分享给读者。

 
Angel  @ Pure Yoga Shanghai in Pure Apparel courtesy Angel's Wechat  
 
Christina and Samresh @ Pure Yoga Shanghai courtesy Christina's Wechat 
 
Shiva's group class. Photo courtesy Pure Group  
 
Ocean, Ethan and Charat courtesy Pure Yoga's wechat. Pure Shanghai Studio photos courtesy of Pure Group
  
 
YPlus
 
illustration by Yi Zhou Studio
 
To be at the very beginning of the long journey of yoga, I am not in the position of writing anything but my personal experience. I want to share how I started, how I felt, and why I love yoga. The very first class was a meditation class at Y+ in Shanghai, at the end of December 2014. I still remember every word my teacher said in that first class: "Listen to your inner noises, then only to outer noises, try to separate them, isolate them. Feel your pain, and try to remember the most painful moments of your life as well as the happiest. Now, feel your eyes, then your hand, your finger, then your finger tips, one by one…. " In his class, I felt as if I was drifting on a small river running among mountains, and at some point I even became one with that river. I felt good as I became useful to other creatures who nurtured and lived through me, a small river in the mountains. This experience and visualization made me fall in love with yoga.
By mid June in 2015, for the very first time, I decided to practice Yoga in an intensive way. It was a time when, after a premonition, someone I truly love and care for left me because of work. I searched for a belief and a remedy to face those days with serenity. As a consequence, I started taking intensive yoga practice as an escape. One of the teachers I met in those days gave me a lot of motivation, taught me theories, helped me with inner and core strength, and helped me go through harsh moments of my life. He made me feel good and appreciated as a human being. He also gave me a cup as a gift; cup in Chinese meant "for a lifetime." I happened to feel joy but also sadness in his classes. I cried a few times during and after class because they were very emotional and I am, as an artist, a vulnerable person. I even had an out of body experience once: I felt I was leaving my body and traveled years and miles away. I could see so much joy and pain about future events that would occur and even traveled through future worlds. Today, due to a misunderstanding, this teacher does not speak to me anymore. The change in our relationship serves as proof that teachers are also subject to the law of impermanence and that relations among human beings are time-bound due to a number of circumstances. Equilibrium can shift and all things have a beginning and an ending.
I know I am still a beginner and still learning all the theories, practicing balance, headstands, and inner core strength. Yoga helped me realize the impermanent side of things, the making and disintegrating side of all phenomenon, especially emotional phenomenon. The interdependency side of our existence, things that mattered so much to us at one point in the past might not matter as much in a different point in time and space. Therefore, the idea of acceptance and letting things go as part of its natural course is a key notion that the practice of yoga helps us grasp.
Learning and understanding yoga made me realize that we all rely on one another in this lifetime. Also coincidentally, I found out that that my parents named me "Yi依” because I have always been needy and lived in symbiosis with others ever since the days in my mother's body.
For The Maker, I photographed some of my favorite teachers at Y+ in Shanghai. The photos are casual, after or before classes. I believe a portrait is about the relationship between the portraitist and the subject. I am thankful to all of those whom introduced me to yoga. Generally, I tend to only see beauty in life, even about people who might have caused pain at some point; I only see and remember the best of them, as if always looking at the tangible and immaterial side of reality with eyes half open. I only wish to see the most beautiful and innocent side of all things and people since we are all doomed to disintegrate at a given point in space and time in order to be reborn under different shapes and lives.
Thanks to my teachers at Y+, I have also started reading about yoga and Buddhism. One of the most striking things I remarked is the difference of the concept of love between the East and West. In the East, the concept of love is centered on time and its limitations due to death as the ultimate un-escapable element of impermanence. In the West, it is analyzed in books such as "Fragment d’un Discours Amoureux" by Roland Barthes as being more focused on the subject versus object debate.
I wish for those who read this essay will nurture more compassion and forgiveness for others. I journey on earth is short and we should wish to walk hand in hand for as long as we can.
Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou
 
illustration by Yi Zhou Studio
 
©Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou
 
在漫长的瑜伽旅程的开端,我本远未达到要写一些东西的程度,而是想仅仅写下自己的一些体会,借以分享我是如何开始的,我的感受如何,以及为什么我热爱瑜伽。最初的第一节课是在上海的Y Plus上的冥想课,那是2014年的冬天。依然记得我的老师在第一节课上说的每一句话:“倾听你内心的喧嚣,然后外在的噪音,试着去分离它们,孤立它们。感受你的疼痛,试着去回想我们生命中最痛苦以及最快乐的时刻。现在,感受我们的双眼,你的手,你的手指,你的指尖,一个接一个。”在他的课堂上,我感觉自己就像一条从山峦之间涌流的江水,甚至在某刻与山水成为了一体,身心舒畅。因为我成了一条滋养生灵,孕育万物的河流,流淌在山间。也正是这种体验和视觉使我爱上了瑜伽。
然而我最开始频繁地练习瑜伽,是从2015年的六月。当时一位我深爱和在乎的人因工作离开了我。于是我开始寻找一种信仰和解药籍以平静地面对那些日子。结果,频繁的瑜伽练习便成了我逃离现实的方式。在那些日子里,我所遇到的老师给了我很多的激励,教我以学理,指导我锻炼内在的定力,帮助我走出那些暗淡的时光。他让我感觉自己像一个人一样被欣赏,他还送给我一个杯子,中文的谐音是“一辈子”。我当时也正饱尝悲喜,在课堂上课堂后哭过几次,因为他们都有着充沛的感情,作为一个艺术家和脆弱的人,我也是这样子。我甚至还有过游离体外的感觉:我离开了自己的身体,游离了数年之久,百里之遥,我可以看到会在未来发生的欢喜与悲痛。
我清楚自己还是一个初学者,还在学习理论,平衡,头立,与内在定力。瑜伽帮助我理解了事物的非永久的一面,以及所有现象和情感现象的构成与瓦解,存在之间的相互依存。更重要的是,所有的事物在一定的时空中令人难以割舍的,却在不同的时空中变得也许无关紧要的。所有的事物都是非永恒的,人与人之间的关系是在时间限制内的各种场景的组合。平衡可以转移,万物皆有始终。因此,对万物顺其自然地接受与割舍是瑜伽练习的核心哲学。
对于瑜伽的学习和理解,使我发现在此生中我们都互相依存。巧合的是我的父母也给我取名为“依”,可能是因为我从妈妈的肚子里面起,就时刻需要他人的支持,并和他人处于共生的关系之中。
在臆想杂志,我为Y+的几位最爱的老师拍了照片,权且表达我对他们引领我进入瑜伽世界的感谢。我相信肖像包含肖像作者与肖像主题之间的关系。通常,我倾向于只在意生活中的美,即使是对于给予我痛苦的人,我也只去记住他们的好,就像用半睁的双眼来看这个世界有形与无形的一面。因为我们注定终将在某刻化为乌有,倏尔在另一个时空以不同的形式重生。
感谢我在Y+的老师,我也开始了阅读关于瑜伽和佛学的书。最令我感到惊奇的是,东方的爱的概念是以时间及其因无法逃脱非永久的死亡而指向的最终限制为中心的,而在西方,例如在罗兰·巴特的《恋人絮语》中,爱的概念更加关注于主观与客观之间的争论。
我希望看到这篇文章的人能够对他人更加的同情与宽容,因为我们在地球上的旅途很短,我们希望彼此能够携手肩并肩走得更远。
周依
 
Yoga teachers and YPlus is one of the best Yoga clubs in China, combining Chinese and Western teachers and great spaces with modern and ancient vibes, every detail is well taken care with international standard in terms of staff and facilities.
YPlus是中国最好的瑜伽俱乐部之一,优秀的瑜伽教师来自中西各国,宽敞的空间兼具现代与古典的气息,每一处细节都彰显着师资与设备方面的国际化标准。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
Lynn: director of YPlus in Shanghai, she has been teaching at YPlus since ten years. Her style is rigorous combined with lightness bringing the students to achieve poses naturally.
Lynn:上海YPlus总监,她在YPlus已经执教十年有余。她的风格严格结合明快,帮助学生自然而然地取得进步。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou 
 
©Yi Zhou
 
Jonas: joined the club as teacher since rencent years. He is very active with lots of sense of humor.
Jonas:近年来加入的老师。他非常的积极,幽默感爆棚。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
Vanessa: previously working in the Public relations field, she has devoted her life to yoga teaching now. With positivity and happiness, one feels invigorated and balanced in her classes
Vanessa:之前在公关行业工作,后来投身瑜伽教学工作中去。积极与快乐的性格,使学生在她的课堂上感觉活力充沛而平衡。
 
Photo source courtesy Devin's wechat
 
Photo source courtesy Devin's wechat
 
Devin: he is the latest new comer as teacher at YPlus, specialized in balancing techniques. Fun, Fresh and young with a good following on Instagram
Devin:他是YPlus的鲜肉老师,擅长于平衡技巧。有趣,新鲜,年轻,在Instagram上粉丝众多。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
Nino: acrobatic and fun, with a past as a dancer, his classes are a fusion of different yoga style tinted with dance.
Nino:会特技又有趣,他曾是一个舞者,他的课融合了舞蹈色彩是一种别具一格的瑜伽风格。
 
©Photo source courtesy Seri's wechat 
 
Seri: specialized in universal yoga. Gentle and precise in her teaching and good vibe on social media.
Seri: 专业的环宇瑜伽老师,她的教学方式温和又严格,她在社交媒体上的互动也是很和谐的氛围。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
关于Lynn老师的Q&A:
Q:工作中的你是怎样一种状态?生活中的你是一种怎样的状态?
A:作为Y+ 瑜伽会所的总监,每天需要有丰富的创作思维,和敏锐的执行力, 不在瑜伽垫子上的瑜伽练习在我的办公室工作中每天进行着。 瑜伽让我在复杂的工作环境中保持一份清澈的状态。 职场上的种种情况,也给了我为自己的瑜伽教学灵感,让我有更多的理解力去教授每一位学生,帮助我以多元化的方式去给予学生瑜伽体验。平时在工作之余, 回到平静的状态对我很重要,卸下身体和心理上所有的负担,每日的瑜伽冥想,会给我带来空间去休息和思考。 
 
Q:请问在成为瑜伽老师之前,可以和我们分享一下你是做什么工作的吗?
A:在成为瑜伽老师前我是一名中国国家队的武术选手,从小7岁开始练习武术,17年的职业武术生涯,为中国拿了不少金牌。而武术的传统练习非常的辛苦和具有挑战性,但就因为这些经历给了我很多对生命的力量。       
 
Q:作为一名瑜伽老师,你希望可以从中获得什么?
A:作为一位瑜伽老师,我希望把我的瑜伽知识无限的给予学生,看到学生在每日的练习中开始开放心灵,更快乐的认知自己是我最大的满足。      
 
Q:你觉得幸福感是什么?你会通过什么方式增强自己的幸福感?
A:幸福是什么? 对瑜伽修习者来说这是个复杂的问题。 对外在的世界来说,幸福和痛苦都只是一种感受,没有什么必要去执着,但外在的事物对我们的冲击又是很真实,所以以积极的状态去接触生活是必要的,这也会带来快乐,与内在最深根源的平静和觉知在一起,在这个空间里原本的喜悦一直都在,没有过多需要做的。  
 
Q:工作之余你会去旅行吗?最喜欢哪些地方?这些地方给你的印象如何?
A:工作之余我喜爱旅游,有绿色森林的或是有海洋的地方我都爱去。   
 
Q:你会怎样建议读者保持一个健康的生活方式呢?
A:我建议读者保持健康的方式,可以是健康的饮食习惯,每天新鲜的果蔬摄取对身体很重要,对心灵的话,可以话练习每周3次的瑜伽课程,让身体开放,让在生活中引起的压力或是情绪通过瑜伽体式去释放,然后心会回复平静。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou
Yoga


Dario Calvaruso
 
Photo courtesy of Dario Calvaruso 
 
Dario Calvaruso - Director at Holistic Wellness (Ltd.), Founder and Conceiver of the Navakaraṇa Vinyāsa method, Consultant and Senior Yoga Teacher at PURE Yoga Hong Kong. Calvaruso travelled through India, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet and Bangladesh for years to learn yoga in the most authentic tradition. What started as a journey of self-discovery became a lifestyle that others are inspired to follow. He helps the practitioners to step beyond simply gymnastic or philosophical aspects of yoga and discover themselves in every moment. Shanghai yoga lovers have a great opportunity to empower their practice during Darios’ workshops on January 30th-31st: Today Dario shares with TheMaker the insights about many levels of his yoga methodology and how he manages to maintain a yogi’s lifestyle in hectic Hong Kong.
 
Q:Why did you give up your past life to do YOGA?
A:When I started Yoga I didn’t give up my past life but I simply started my life. I was in Italy, my birthplace, working as a photographer. I was searching for freedom and happiness, like everyone probably. Very soon I came to realize that by focusing exclusively on relationship, career and wealth I never would have reached what I really wanted. I quitted once and for all, I said goodbye to everyone and I started my life. At that time my parents could not understand my choice. Obviously they found it very difficult to accept me leaving home for a journey to the Far-East in search of myself. It took me about 15 years of self-denial to conclude my journey of self-enquiry and self-realization.
 
Q:How would you describe your YOGA style?
A:My method is Navakaraṇa Vinyāsa; a Sanskrit term which can be translated to “Composition (vinyāsa) of Nine (nava) Unit of Movement (karana)”. It is an unprecedentedly systematised methodology for a personalised vinyāsa yoga practice and tailor-made teaching, mostly consists of intense calisthenic exercise and deep postures. By focusing on the physical body, engagement of prānic centres and mental conditioning, it  serves as a preparation for the spiritual practice. The same methodology can be applied to create very gentle practice or therapeutics as well. Mastering of Navakarana methodology allows the practitioners and teachers to choreograph and practice any kind of sequence for all levels. Technically speaking, a “karana” or unit of movement is the co-regulation of breath (ana), vital energies (prāṇā), engagement of prāṇic centres (prāṇa-ādhāra-prayoga), body’s movements (aṇga-calanam) posture (āsana), focused gaze (dṛṣṭi) and mental presence (aśithila sthiti) into an harmonious flow (samūdāya-vahanam) within a rhythmic unit of time (laya) and symmetrical divisions of movements (mātrā or counts). Concisely, karaṇas are infinite in number but they can fall into one of the nine categories. Hence the name “Navakarana” or “nine unit of movement”. These nine categories are: neutral (sama), posterior stretch (pṛṣṭha-dairghya), anterior stretch (agra-dairghya), side-stretch (pārśva-dairghya), twisted-stretch (parivṛtta-dairghya), inversion (viparīta), balancing on the limbs (aṅga-ādhāra), strengthening (tejaskara) and recovering (punarnavīkāra). Every sequence includes all the nine karaṇas in order to create a holistic practice which works the whole body in harmony.
 
Furthermore, the term Nava-karana also reveals my philosophy and lifestyle. In Sanskrit “nava” also means  “new” or “fresh”, while “karana” literally means “doing”. In more than twenty years of studying in Philosophy I never accept or follow anything blindly, including Yoga philosophy. That is to say, “Navakarana” is the continuing process of doing, evolving and discovering oneself in every moment as something is always new.
 
Q:What are your plans for the future?
A:In the past I have dedicated all my time to myself and I have worked hard to achieve some personal goals. Now is the time for sharing and serving others.
 
Q:How would you describe your lifestyle and how do you combine it with your work perfectly?
A:I am minimalist and one-pointed. I still live with the essentials, the same way I was when wandering in the Himalayas. I have no furniture in my apartment at all. I cook and eat simple vegetarian food; for over two decades. I get up three hours before the sunrise to do my daily yoga practice and take the whole day ahead. Hong Kong has not taken anything away from my lifestyle; instead it has brought more happiness into my life. I have the opportunity to create amazing things with people. By working with others I can always do something greater than what I could merely do alone. Life is about sharing with people and continuously evolving into better human beings. As bizarre as it may sound, but for me there is absolutely no distinction between passion, profession and personal life. My profession is my passion. My students and co-workers are my family. My leisure is my work. I love my work and I am fully committed to it. The key to success is to commit oneself with dedication in whatever one pursues; and fulfillment will be the outcome. Happiness is indeed something more subtle. It doesn’t come from external sources. It comes only by re-engineering oneself and living one’s own life authentically.
 
 Photo courtesy of Dario Calvaruso 
 
Dario Calvaruso - Holistic Wellness(公司)总监,兼创办人及NavakaraṇaVinyāsa 方法的构想者,PURE瑜伽香港顾问及资深瑜伽教师。Calvaruso曾前往印度,尼泊尔,巴基斯坦,西藏和孟加拉多年学习最正宗传统的瑜伽。起初作为自我发现的旅程最终变成了让其他人启发遵循的生活方式。他帮助练习者们对瑜伽的简单体操或哲学方面有进一步的超越,并在每一刻发现更多的自己。上海瑜伽爱好者现在有一个很好的机会,可以在1月30日至31日参加Darios的工作坊强化瑜伽练习。今天Dario在《臆想》对于他不同层次的瑜伽方法,以及他是如何在紧张忙碌的香港管理和保持瑜伽修行者的生活方式,分享了一些他的见解。
 
Q:你为什么会放弃自己过去的生活选择做瑜伽?
A:当我开始瑜伽我没有放弃我过去的生活,我只是开始了我的生活。当我在意大利,我的出生地,我是一名摄影师。就像每个人一样,我在寻找自由和幸福。我很快开始意识到,如果我专注于社交关系、事业和财富,我永远不会得到我真正想要的。我辞去了所有工作,告别了大家,然后开始了我的生活。当时我的父母无法理解我的选择。显然,他们发觉他们很难接受我为寻找自己到远东旅行。我花了大约15年时间去做自我否定来结束我的自我探究和自我实现的旅程。
 
Q:你会怎样评价你的瑜伽风格?
A:我的方法是Navakaraṇa Vinyāsa;用梵语可以翻译为“运动(karana)的九(nava)种单位的组成(vinyāsa)”。这是一种史无前例的为个性化vinyãsa瑜伽练习和量身定制教学的系统化方法,主要由强烈的柔软体操练习和深入的姿势组成。通过专注于身体、普拉纳中心的衔接和心理调节的参与,作为修行的准备。同样的方法也可以应用到创建非常平缓的练习或治疗。完全掌握Navakaraṇa方法使修行者们和教师能够用任何层次序列进行编排和练习。从技术上来说,一个“karana”或运动单位是呼吸(ana)的共同调节、生命能量(prāṇā)、普拉纳中心的衔接(prāṇa-ādhāra-prayoga)、身体的运动(aṇga-calanam)姿势接合(āsana),专注的目光(dṛṣṭi)和精神的存在(aśithilasthiti)在规定时间内(laya)和运动匀称有节奏(mātrā or counts)的合成一种和谐的流动(samūdāya-vahanam)。简而言之,karaṇas的数量是无限的,但也可以把它们归类到九大类之一。因此命名为“Navakarana”或“运动的九种单位”。这九个类别分别是:中立(sama)、后伸展(pṛṣṭha-dairghya)、前伸展(agra-dairghya)、侧伸展(pārśva-dairghya)、扭曲拉伸(parivṛtta-dairghya)、反转(viparīta)、平衡四肢(aṅga-ādhāra)、强化(tejaskara)和恢复(punarnavīkāra)。每个序列都包括这九种karaṇas以创造一个整体练习使整个身体得到和谐。
 
此外,术语Nava-karana还启发了我的哲学和生活方式。在梵语中“nava”也意味着“新的”或“新鲜”,而“karana”的字面意思是“做”。在哲学研究的二十余年里我从来不盲目的接受或遵循任何东西,包括瑜伽哲学。也就是说,“Navakarana”是在每一时刻实施、不断发展和发现新的自己的持续过程。
 
Q:你对未来有什么计划?
A:在过去,我所有的时间都专注于自己,我一直在努力达成一些个人目标。现在是时候分享和服务他人。
 
Q:你会怎样评价你的生活方式,你如何将它和你的工作完美结合起来的?
A:我是一个简约主义和专一的人。我仍然为必需品而生活,当我还在喜马拉雅山徘徊的时候也是这样。我的公寓里没有任何家具。我煮吃简单的素食超过二十年。我在日出前三个小时起床做我的日常瑜伽练习,走在一整天的前面。香港并没有从我的生活方式拿走任何东西;相反,它给我的生活带来了更多的快乐。我有机会和人们一起创造令人惊讶的事情。和其他人一起工作,我总是可以做得比我一个人的时候更好一些。生活是关于与人分享和不断发展成为更好的人。听起来似乎匪夷所思,但对我来说在激情、职业和个人生活之间绝对没有差别。我的职业是我的激情。我的学生和同事都是我的家人。我的休闲就是我的工作。我热爱我的工作,我为它全力以赴。成功的关键是不管追求什么都要承诺自己去奉献;并付诸于行动。幸福确实是让人更加精细的东西。它不是来自外界。它只能通过重新塑造自己和真实地生活去得到。
 
©YiZhou
 
 Photo courtesy of Dario Calvaruso 
 
 
PURE YOGA
 
The Maker has selected some of our favorite teachers from Pure Shanghai for our readers.

The Maker 在 PURE Shanghai 挑选了一些我们最喜欢的瑜伽老师分享给读者。

 
Angel  @ Pure Yoga Shanghai in Pure Apparel courtesy Angel's Wechat  
 
Christina and Samresh @ Pure Yoga Shanghai courtesy Christina's Wechat 
 
Shiva's group class. Photo courtesy Pure Group  
 
Ocean, Ethan and Charat courtesy Pure Yoga's wechat. Pure Shanghai Studio photos courtesy of Pure Group
  
 
YPlus
 
illustration by Yi Zhou Studio
 
To be at the very beginning of the long journey of yoga, I am not in the position of writing anything but my personal experience. I want to share how I started, how I felt, and why I love yoga. The very first class was a meditation class at Y+ in Shanghai, at the end of December 2014. I still remember every word my teacher said in that first class: "Listen to your inner noises, then only to outer noises, try to separate them, isolate them. Feel your pain, and try to remember the most painful moments of your life as well as the happiest. Now, feel your eyes, then your hand, your finger, then your finger tips, one by one…. " In his class, I felt as if I was drifting on a small river running among mountains, and at some point I even became one with that river. I felt good as I became useful to other creatures who nurtured and lived through me, a small river in the mountains. This experience and visualization made me fall in love with yoga.
By mid June in 2015, for the very first time, I decided to practice Yoga in an intensive way. It was a time when, after a premonition, someone I truly love and care for left me because of work. I searched for a belief and a remedy to face those days with serenity. As a consequence, I started taking intensive yoga practice as an escape. One of the teachers I met in those days gave me a lot of motivation, taught me theories, helped me with inner and core strength, and helped me go through harsh moments of my life. He made me feel good and appreciated as a human being. He also gave me a cup as a gift; cup in Chinese meant "for a lifetime." I happened to feel joy but also sadness in his classes. I cried a few times during and after class because they were very emotional and I am, as an artist, a vulnerable person. I even had an out of body experience once: I felt I was leaving my body and traveled years and miles away. I could see so much joy and pain about future events that would occur and even traveled through future worlds. Today, due to a misunderstanding, this teacher does not speak to me anymore. The change in our relationship serves as proof that teachers are also subject to the law of impermanence and that relations among human beings are time-bound due to a number of circumstances. Equilibrium can shift and all things have a beginning and an ending.
I know I am still a beginner and still learning all the theories, practicing balance, headstands, and inner core strength. Yoga helped me realize the impermanent side of things, the making and disintegrating side of all phenomenon, especially emotional phenomenon. The interdependency side of our existence, things that mattered so much to us at one point in the past might not matter as much in a different point in time and space. Therefore, the idea of acceptance and letting things go as part of its natural course is a key notion that the practice of yoga helps us grasp.
Learning and understanding yoga made me realize that we all rely on one another in this lifetime. Also coincidentally, I found out that that my parents named me "Yi依” because I have always been needy and lived in symbiosis with others ever since the days in my mother's body.
For The Maker, I photographed some of my favorite teachers at Y+ in Shanghai. The photos are casual, after or before classes. I believe a portrait is about the relationship between the portraitist and the subject. I am thankful to all of those whom introduced me to yoga. Generally, I tend to only see beauty in life, even about people who might have caused pain at some point; I only see and remember the best of them, as if always looking at the tangible and immaterial side of reality with eyes half open. I only wish to see the most beautiful and innocent side of all things and people since we are all doomed to disintegrate at a given point in space and time in order to be reborn under different shapes and lives.
Thanks to my teachers at Y+, I have also started reading about yoga and Buddhism. One of the most striking things I remarked is the difference of the concept of love between the East and West. In the East, the concept of love is centered on time and its limitations due to death as the ultimate un-escapable element of impermanence. In the West, it is analyzed in books such as "Fragment d’un Discours Amoureux" by Roland Barthes as being more focused on the subject versus object debate.
I wish for those who read this essay will nurture more compassion and forgiveness for others. I journey on earth is short and we should wish to walk hand in hand for as long as we can.
Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou
 
illustration by Yi Zhou Studio
 
©Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou
 
在漫长的瑜伽旅程的开端,我本远未达到要写一些东西的程度,而是想仅仅写下自己的一些体会,借以分享我是如何开始的,我的感受如何,以及为什么我热爱瑜伽。最初的第一节课是在上海的Y Plus上的冥想课,那是2014年的冬天。依然记得我的老师在第一节课上说的每一句话:“倾听你内心的喧嚣,然后外在的噪音,试着去分离它们,孤立它们。感受你的疼痛,试着去回想我们生命中最痛苦以及最快乐的时刻。现在,感受我们的双眼,你的手,你的手指,你的指尖,一个接一个。”在他的课堂上,我感觉自己就像一条从山峦之间涌流的江水,甚至在某刻与山水成为了一体,身心舒畅。因为我成了一条滋养生灵,孕育万物的河流,流淌在山间。也正是这种体验和视觉使我爱上了瑜伽。
然而我最开始频繁地练习瑜伽,是从2015年的六月。当时一位我深爱和在乎的人因工作离开了我。于是我开始寻找一种信仰和解药籍以平静地面对那些日子。结果,频繁的瑜伽练习便成了我逃离现实的方式。在那些日子里,我所遇到的老师给了我很多的激励,教我以学理,指导我锻炼内在的定力,帮助我走出那些暗淡的时光。他让我感觉自己像一个人一样被欣赏,他还送给我一个杯子,中文的谐音是“一辈子”。我当时也正饱尝悲喜,在课堂上课堂后哭过几次,因为他们都有着充沛的感情,作为一个艺术家和脆弱的人,我也是这样子。我甚至还有过游离体外的感觉:我离开了自己的身体,游离了数年之久,百里之遥,我可以看到会在未来发生的欢喜与悲痛。
我清楚自己还是一个初学者,还在学习理论,平衡,头立,与内在定力。瑜伽帮助我理解了事物的非永久的一面,以及所有现象和情感现象的构成与瓦解,存在之间的相互依存。更重要的是,所有的事物在一定的时空中令人难以割舍的,却在不同的时空中变得也许无关紧要的。所有的事物都是非永恒的,人与人之间的关系是在时间限制内的各种场景的组合。平衡可以转移,万物皆有始终。因此,对万物顺其自然地接受与割舍是瑜伽练习的核心哲学。
对于瑜伽的学习和理解,使我发现在此生中我们都互相依存。巧合的是我的父母也给我取名为“依”,可能是因为我从妈妈的肚子里面起,就时刻需要他人的支持,并和他人处于共生的关系之中。
在臆想杂志,我为Y+的几位最爱的老师拍了照片,权且表达我对他们引领我进入瑜伽世界的感谢。我相信肖像包含肖像作者与肖像主题之间的关系。通常,我倾向于只在意生活中的美,即使是对于给予我痛苦的人,我也只去记住他们的好,就像用半睁的双眼来看这个世界有形与无形的一面。因为我们注定终将在某刻化为乌有,倏尔在另一个时空以不同的形式重生。
感谢我在Y+的老师,我也开始了阅读关于瑜伽和佛学的书。最令我感到惊奇的是,东方的爱的概念是以时间及其因无法逃脱非永久的死亡而指向的最终限制为中心的,而在西方,例如在罗兰·巴特的《恋人絮语》中,爱的概念更加关注于主观与客观之间的争论。
我希望看到这篇文章的人能够对他人更加的同情与宽容,因为我们在地球上的旅途很短,我们希望彼此能够携手肩并肩走得更远。
周依
 
Yoga teachers and YPlus is one of the best Yoga clubs in China, combining Chinese and Western teachers and great spaces with modern and ancient vibes, every detail is well taken care with international standard in terms of staff and facilities.
YPlus是中国最好的瑜伽俱乐部之一,优秀的瑜伽教师来自中西各国,宽敞的空间兼具现代与古典的气息,每一处细节都彰显着师资与设备方面的国际化标准。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
Lynn: director of YPlus in Shanghai, she has been teaching at YPlus since ten years. Her style is rigorous combined with lightness bringing the students to achieve poses naturally.
Lynn:上海YPlus总监,她在YPlus已经执教十年有余。她的风格严格结合明快,帮助学生自然而然地取得进步。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou 
 
©Yi Zhou
 
Jonas: joined the club as teacher since rencent years. He is very active with lots of sense of humor.
Jonas:近年来加入的老师。他非常的积极,幽默感爆棚。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
Vanessa: previously working in the Public relations field, she has devoted her life to yoga teaching now. With positivity and happiness, one feels invigorated and balanced in her classes
Vanessa:之前在公关行业工作,后来投身瑜伽教学工作中去。积极与快乐的性格,使学生在她的课堂上感觉活力充沛而平衡。
 
Photo source courtesy Devin's wechat
 
Photo source courtesy Devin's wechat
 
Devin: he is the latest new comer as teacher at YPlus, specialized in balancing techniques. Fun, Fresh and young with a good following on Instagram
Devin:他是YPlus的鲜肉老师,擅长于平衡技巧。有趣,新鲜,年轻,在Instagram上粉丝众多。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
Nino: acrobatic and fun, with a past as a dancer, his classes are a fusion of different yoga style tinted with dance.
Nino:会特技又有趣,他曾是一个舞者,他的课融合了舞蹈色彩是一种别具一格的瑜伽风格。
 
©Photo source courtesy Seri's wechat 
 
Seri: specialized in universal yoga. Gentle and precise in her teaching and good vibe on social media.
Seri: 专业的环宇瑜伽老师,她的教学方式温和又严格,她在社交媒体上的互动也是很和谐的氛围。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
关于Lynn老师的Q&A:
Q:工作中的你是怎样一种状态?生活中的你是一种怎样的状态?
A:作为Y+ 瑜伽会所的总监,每天需要有丰富的创作思维,和敏锐的执行力, 不在瑜伽垫子上的瑜伽练习在我的办公室工作中每天进行着。 瑜伽让我在复杂的工作环境中保持一份清澈的状态。 职场上的种种情况,也给了我为自己的瑜伽教学灵感,让我有更多的理解力去教授每一位学生,帮助我以多元化的方式去给予学生瑜伽体验。平时在工作之余, 回到平静的状态对我很重要,卸下身体和心理上所有的负担,每日的瑜伽冥想,会给我带来空间去休息和思考。 
 
Q:请问在成为瑜伽老师之前,可以和我们分享一下你是做什么工作的吗?
A:在成为瑜伽老师前我是一名中国国家队的武术选手,从小7岁开始练习武术,17年的职业武术生涯,为中国拿了不少金牌。而武术的传统练习非常的辛苦和具有挑战性,但就因为这些经历给了我很多对生命的力量。       
 
Q:作为一名瑜伽老师,你希望可以从中获得什么?
A:作为一位瑜伽老师,我希望把我的瑜伽知识无限的给予学生,看到学生在每日的练习中开始开放心灵,更快乐的认知自己是我最大的满足。      
 
Q:你觉得幸福感是什么?你会通过什么方式增强自己的幸福感?
A:幸福是什么? 对瑜伽修习者来说这是个复杂的问题。 对外在的世界来说,幸福和痛苦都只是一种感受,没有什么必要去执着,但外在的事物对我们的冲击又是很真实,所以以积极的状态去接触生活是必要的,这也会带来快乐,与内在最深根源的平静和觉知在一起,在这个空间里原本的喜悦一直都在,没有过多需要做的。  
 
Q:工作之余你会去旅行吗?最喜欢哪些地方?这些地方给你的印象如何?
A:工作之余我喜爱旅游,有绿色森林的或是有海洋的地方我都爱去。   
 
Q:你会怎样建议读者保持一个健康的生活方式呢?
A:我建议读者保持健康的方式,可以是健康的饮食习惯,每天新鲜的果蔬摄取对身体很重要,对心灵的话,可以话练习每周3次的瑜伽课程,让身体开放,让在生活中引起的压力或是情绪通过瑜伽体式去释放,然后心会回复平静。
 
©Yi Zhou
 
©Yi Zhou